“The Hanging Gardens of Babylon”
One of the seven wonders of the ancient world.
- Nebuchadnezzar-ll (who built The hanging gardens) was the king of Babylon for a period of 43 years.
- He ruled the Babylon between 605 BC – 562 BC period in Neo-Babylonian Empire.
- Neo-Babylonian Empire was a civilization of Mesopotamia between 626 BC to 539 BC.
- He was the most powerful Empire of Babylon.
- Nebuchadnezzar-ll married Amytis who was daughter of the Median king Cyaxares.
- And Amytis was the beloved wife of Nebuchadnezzar-ll.
About Queen Amytis
- Amytis was born and brought up in Media.
- It was a place with cool and peaceful green hills and valleys.
- She married Nebuchadnezzar-ll to secure an alliance between the Babylon and Media.
- After marriage she had to move to Babylon along with Nebuchadnezzar-ll.
- Amytis was homesick and missed her home land hills and valleys.
- To please his home sick wife Nebuchadnezzar-ll decided to build a structure with artificial mountains and rooftop gardens.
- For that he created man-made hills covered with many trees.
About the hanging gardens
- The structure consisted of beautiful luxurious gardens with many different types of plants, shrubs and flowers.
- That was known as “The Hanging Gardens of Babylon” .
- It is located on the east bank of the river Euphrates which is about 50 km from the south of Baghdad in Iraq.
- The Hanging Gardens of Babylon satisfied Queen Amytis.
- The terraced gardens had different flower beds and sloped down like a hillside.
- The gardens had beautiful plants imported from different regions of the world, cultivated above the ground level.
- There were stairways to the upper most terraced roofs.
- The gardens were very tall about 320 feet high and the entire hanging garden measured 400 feet by 400 feet each.
- The Hanging Gardens of Babylon was a masterpiece with beautiful landscape and architecture.
- The alternative name of The Hanging Gardens of Babylon is “Hanging Gardens of Semiramis”
- Semiramis was the queen who ruled the Babylon in the 9th century BC.
- Among the seven ancient wonders this is the only wonder whose location is not determinative.
- And no archeological evidence found for the existence of gardens in Babylon.
- It may be possible that the evidence might exist beneath the Euphrates river and it is not possible for excavation.
- One theory says it is just a myth.
- They were destroyed completely in 1st century AD, says the other theory.