“The Hanging Gardens of Babylon”

Hanging gardens of Babylon

“The Hanging Gardens of Babylon”

One of the seven wonders of the ancient world.

About Nebuchadnezzar-ll

  • Nebuchadnezzar-ll (who built The hanging gardens) was the king of Babylon for a period of 43 years.
  • He ruled the Babylon between 605 BC – 562 BC period in Neo-Babylonian Empire.
  • Neo-Babylonian Empire was a civilization of Mesopotamia between 626 BC to 539 BC.
  • He was the most powerful Empire of Babylon.
Nebuchadnezzar-ll
Nebuchadnezzar-ll
  • Nebuchadnezzar-ll married Amytis who was daughter of the Median king Cyaxares.
  • And Amytis was the beloved wife of Nebuchadnezzar-ll.
Queen Amytis
Queen Amytis


About Queen Amytis

  • Amytis was born and brought up in Media.
  • It was a place with cool and peaceful green hills and valleys.
  • She married Nebuchadnezzar-ll to secure an alliance between the Babylon and Media.
  • After marriage she had to move to Babylon along with Nebuchadnezzar-ll.
Homesick Amytis
Homesick Amytis
  • Amytis was homesick and missed her home land hills and valleys.
  • To please his home sick wife Nebuchadnezzar-ll decided to build a structure with artificial mountains and rooftop gardens.
  • For that he created man-made hills covered with many trees.
Drawing of Hanging gardens
Drawing of Hanging gardens

About the hanging gardens

  • The structure consisted of beautiful luxurious gardens with many different types of plants, shrubs and flowers.
  • That was known as “The Hanging Gardens of Babylon” .
  • It is located on the east bank of the river Euphrates which is about 50 km from the south of Baghdad in Iraq.
Hanging Gardens
Hanging Gardens
  • The Hanging Gardens of Babylon satisfied Queen Amytis.
  • The terraced gardens had different flower beds and sloped down like a hillside.
Terraces of hanging gardens
Terraces of hanging gardens
  • The gardens had beautiful plants imported from different regions of the world, cultivated above the ground level.
  • There were stairways to the upper most terraced roofs.
  • The gardens were very tall about 320 feet high and the entire hanging garden measured 400 feet by 400 feet each.
Stairway to the upper floors
Stairway to the upper floors
  • The Hanging Gardens of Babylon was a masterpiece with beautiful landscape and architecture.
  • The alternative name of The Hanging Gardens of Babylon is “Hanging Gardens of Semiramis”
  • Semiramis was the queen who ruled the Babylon in the 9th century BC.
Hanging Gardens of Semiramis

Hanging Gardens of Semiramis
  • Among the seven ancient wonders this is the only wonder whose location is not determinative.
  • And no archeological evidence found for the existence of gardens in Babylon.
  • It may be possible that the evidence might exist beneath the Euphrates river and it is not possible for excavation.
  • One theory says it is just a myth.
  • They were destroyed completely in 1st century AD, says the other theory.

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